Read e-book online Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 19 PDF

By A.H. Rose (Editor), J. Gareth Morris (Editor)

ISBN-10: 0080579795

ISBN-13: 9780080579795

ISBN-10: 0120277190

ISBN-13: 9780120277193

This quantity in a research-level sequence covers assorted facets of microbial body structure and biochemistry together with inositol metabolisms in yeasts, bacterial adhesion, natural acids, the bacterial flagellum and the mechanical behaviour of bacterial cellphone partitions. it really is meant to be of use to microbiologists, biochemists and biotechnologists. different similar works during this sequence are volumes 29, 30 and 31.

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Extra info for Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 19

Example text

1972; see Fein and Rogers, 1976 for a discussion of this work). Nevertheless, the results to date do not completely exclude some roles in these latter respects for very low activities of autolysins of known or unknown specificity. In discussing the topology of growth of steptococcal cells, it was pointed out (p. 20) that the new cell wall is derived by an apparent splitting and pealing apart of the septa1 wall. It is reasonable to suppose that some wall-hydrolysing enzyme should be involved in this process.

The process of pole formation takes place by a different mechanism, more akin to formation of the streptococcal cell wall. A different type of problem of surface topology is raised by the isolation of mutant strains of B. subtilis that grow as helices (Mendelson, 1976; Tilby, 1977). The question is whether the mutations impose a helical form on the cells or only disply a normal helical component in the arrangement of wall polymers present in wild-type strains. Mendelson (1976) suggests that the helices in his mutant, which had a quite different pitch from those in Tilby's (1977) strain, arise by rotation of cells disturbed in division and which had the poles of the original cells still fixed to the spore coats from which they germinated.

In these experiments, the distribution of new receptors for I bacteriophage was studied after expression of the lmnB gene by supplying the microorganism with maltose and CAMP. Even in the longest cells, the zone of new receptors appeared in the septal region, and in only a few very short, presumably immediately, freshly divided cells was there evidence for asymmetric polar labelling. This result, of course, stands in frank contradiction to the interpretation put by Begg and Donachie (1973, 1977) on their experiments on surface growth using fixation of T6 bacteriophage.

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Advances in Microbial Physiology, Volume 19 by A.H. Rose (Editor), J. Gareth Morris (Editor)


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