New PDF release: Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate (Point

By Carl Cohen

ISBN-10: 0195148940

ISBN-13: 9780195148947

ISBN-10: 0195184076

ISBN-13: 9780195184075

Racial personal tastes are one of the such a lot contentious matters in our society, referring to basic questions of equity and the right kind function of racial different types in executive motion. Now modern philosophers, in a full of life debate, lay out the arguments on either side. Carl Cohen, a key determine within the college of Michigan perfect proceedings, argues that racial personal tastes are morally wrong--forbidden by way of the 14th modification to the structure, and explicitly banned through the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He additionally contends that such personal tastes damage society as a rule, harm the colleges that use them, and undermine the minorities they have been meant to serve. James P. Sterba counters that, faraway from being banned through the structure and the civil rights acts, affirmative motion is admittedly mandated by means of legislation within the pursuit of a society that's racially and sexually simply. a similar Congress that followed the 14th modification, he notes, handed race-specific legislation that prolonged reduction to blacks. certainly, there are many sorts of affirmative action--compensation for previous discrimination, remedial measures geared toward present discrimination, the warrantly of diversity--and Sterba experiences the ultimate complaints that construct a constitutional beginning for every. Affirmative motion, he argues, favors certified minority applicants, now not unqualified ones. either authors supply concluding touch upon the college of Michigan circumstances made up our minds in 2003. part a century after Brown v. Board of schooling, concerns relating racial discrimination proceed to grip American society. This penetrating debate explores the philosophical and felony arguments on each side of affirmative motion, but additionally unearths the passions that force the problem to the leading edge of public existence.

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Extra info for Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate (Point Counterpoint)

Sample text

4) Race Preference Cannot Be Justified by the Quest for Diversity Diversity is now widely offered as a justification of race preference. In universities, and where information or argument is reported or discussed, intellectual diversity is indeed a value worthy of pursuit. Among students, teachers, and journalists, a wide range of opinions and perspectives is certainly healthy. But the importance of diversity in these spheres is often greatly exaggerated, and its merits, even when they are substantial, cannot override the principle of equality.

The allegedly compensatory preference, however, was given not only to Richmond firms that may have suffered unfairly, but to every firm, wherever based, whose owners happened to be in one of certain specified racial categories, including Native Americans, Eskimos, and Aleuts. Discriminatory injustices against Eskimos or Aleuts in Richmond are likely to have been few, but the City Council was not truly seeking to compensate anyone; they were relishing the spoils of municipal power. The 30 percent set-aside was a quantity of business impossible for the existing minority contractors of Richmond to conduct, so the statute indirectly obliged the award of “compensatory” benefits to minority contractors who had never suffered injustice in Richmond or anywhere, and even to minority contractors based far beyond Virginia who, if they had suffered at all, certainly had not been victims of any discrimination by the City of Richmond.

Green, pp. 437–38. Emphasis added. 18 Why Race Preference Is Wrong and Bad and remains far smaller than the proportion of those minorities in the population at large. The needed qualifications were and remain very far from being distributed proportionally, and no court orders or federal marshals can alter their actual distribution. The invidious segregation of the races was no longer the chief hindrance to the racial integration of institutions. By the late 1960s, discrimination against minority applicants in higher education had long ceased to be the rule.

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Affirmative Action and Racial Preference: A Debate (Point Counterpoint) by Carl Cohen


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