By Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler
Charts the levels of the background of friendship as a philosophical notion within the Western international.
concentrating on Plato and Aristotle, the Stoics and Epicureans, and early Christian and Medieval assets, Ancient and Medieval strategies of Friendship brings jointly checks of other philosophical debts of friendship. This quantity sketches the evolution of the notion from historical beliefs of friendship utilising strictly to relationships among males of excessive social place to Christian suggestions that deal with friendship as appropriate to all yet are involved mainly with the soul’s relation to God—and that ascribe a secondary prestige to human relationships. The ebook concludes with essays interpreting how this advanced historical past used to be obtained in the course of the Enlightenment, taking a look specifically to Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Hölderlin
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Extra info for Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship
1972b. ” Revue de philologie, de littérature et d’histoire anciennes 46, no. 1, 7–20. Rowe, C. 2005. Plato. Phaedrus. Translated with introduction and notes. London: Penguin. ———. 2012. Plato. Republic. Translated with introduction and notes. London: Penguin. Schofield, M. 1998. ” In P. Cartledge, P. Millet, and S. Von Reden, eds, Kosmos: Essays in Order, Conflict and Community in Classical Athens. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 37–51. Schofield, M. 2007. ” In G. R. F. , The Cambridge Companion to Plato’s Republic.
All Stoic sages are indeed said to be friends without even knowing one another: see Clement of Alexandria, Stromata, V, xiv, 95, 2 (= SVF I, 223) and Cicero, De Natura deorum, I, 121 (= SVF III, 635). On the Platonic background of Stoic friendship, see the papers by Collette-Dučić and Weiss in this volume. 23. ” As we shall see, this is true of the account of friendship to be found in the Phaedrus. 24. Michel Foucault has rightly insisted on the importance of reciprocity in Platonic love: see Foucault 1984, 309–10.
On the same note, compare Phdr. 241c7–8 (οὐ μετ’ εὐνοίας) and Leg. 837c2–3 (τιμὴν οὐδεμίαν ἀπονέμων τῷ τῆς ψυχῆς ἤθει τοῦ ἐρωμένου). 33. As Léon Robin rigthly claimed long ago: see Robin’s Introduction to the Phaedrus in Robin (1995, lxxxix–xc. 34. For details, see Sheffield 2011, 255–58 and Belfiore 2012, 228–39. 35. The Phaedrus provides evidence against Vlastos’ famous view that Plato is guilty of the charge of “cold-hearted egoism” and that the Platonic analysis of love and friendship shows no concern for the friend’s own well-being and happiness.
Ancient and Medieval Concepts of Friendship by Suzanne Stern-Gillet, SJ, Gary M. Gurtler